Maker's Name: 
UQ Physics Workshops
Where made: 
Where used: 
UQ Teaching Labs
14.5 × 9.5 × 2.9 cm

hybrid coil (or bridge transformer, or sometimes hybrid) is a transformer that has three windings, and which is designed to be configured as a circuit having four ports that are conjugate in pairs.

A signal arriving at one port is divided equally between the two adjacent ports but does not appear at the opposite port. In the schematic diagram, the signal into W splits between X and Z, and no signal passes to Y. Similarly, signals into X split to W and Y with none to Z, etc.

Correct operation requires matched characteristic impedance at all four ports. Hybrids are a class of directional coupler in which the input port power is split equally between the two output ports. Forms of hybrid other than transfomer coils are possible; any format of directional coupler can be designed to be a hybrid. These formats include transmission lines and waveguides.